Topic: Persian Language


The Persian Language is a Language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and other places. But was once spoken over and much much larger area of the world.

Although the language is called the Persian Language by English speakers, native speakers of the language call it Farsi or Parsi. (However, the names "Farsi" and "Parsi" have also entered the English Language and have some usage.)

As a child, I was taught both Persian and English. I used to be fluent in Persian. But because I grew up mostly in BC, Canada and Texas (which are both English speaking areas) I don't remember much Persian anymore.

Name of the Language

Speakers of English usually call the language Persian (or the Persian Language).

However, recently, some have started using the word Farsi in English too, as an alternate name for the Persian Language.

And although most speakers of Persian call their language Farsi, it makes more sense to call the language Persian (in English) since that's what the language has been called, by English speakers, since there was a word in English for the Persian Language. Changing the name to Farsi (in English) makes it seem like Persian and Farsi are different languages, even though they are the exact same thing!

In the past, Farsi was called Parsi. (This seems to be well known by Iranians.) Some people even still call the language Parsi.

English speakers will often call this Persian or the Persian Language.


The Persian Language has, over time, changed the Script for which it is common to write it in.

The oldest known script it was written in is: Aryan Cuneiform. (Which is also sometimes called Old Persian Cuneiform.)

Later on the common script used was Pahlavi Script. (Which is also sometimes written as Pahlevi Script.)

The modern script, is the Persian Alphabet.

Persian and The Web

The Persian Language can be used on The Web. Through UNICODE, all the characters commonly used for writing Persian can be written. Also, if needed, you can specify that the text is in Persian using the lang="fa" HTML attribute (and value).

For example, here is a HTML that has mixed English and Persian....

  <p lang="en">
      Zoroaster is called Zardosht or Zartosht by Persians, and is written: <span lang="fa">زرتشت</span>

UNICODE and HTML Entities

The (modern) Persian Language is (usually) written using the following Script shown in the chart below.

Glyph Name UNICODE HTML Entity
Hexadecimal Decimal Hexadecimal Decimal
آ alef-madde x622 &#x622;
ا alef x627 &#x627;
ب be x628 &#x628;
پ pe x67e &#x67e;
ت te x62a &#x62a;
ث se x62b &#x62b;
ج jim x62c &#x62c;
چ che x686 &#x686;
ح he x62d &#x62d;
خ khe / xe x62e &#x62e;
د daal / dāl x62f &#x62f;
ذ zaal / zāl x630 &#x630;
ر re x631 &#x631;
ز ze x632 &#x632;
ژ zhe x698 &#x698;
س sin x633 &#x633;
ش shin / šin x634 &#x634;
ص saad / sād x635 &#x635;
ض zaad / zād x636 &#x636;
ط taa / tā x637 &#x637;
ظ zaa / zā x638 &#x638;
ع ein x639 &#x639;
غ qein x63a &#x63a;
ف fe x641 &#x641;
ق qaaf / qāf / ghaaf / ghāf x642 &#x642;
ک kaaf / kāf x6a9 &#x6a9;
گ gaaf / gāf x6af &#x6af;
ل laam / lām x644 &#x644;
م mim x645 &#x645;
ن nun x646 &#x646;
و vaav / vāv x648 &#x648;
ه he x647 &#x647;
ي ye x64a &#x64a;

In the past Persian was written using Aryan Cuneiform (which is also call Old Persian Cuneiform).

-- Mirza Charles Iliya Krempeaux