@reiver

Asperger and the Hippocampus: Enhanced Visual-Spatial, Mathematical, and Mechanistic Aspects of Cognition

In autism, increased hippocampus size may be related to enhanced visual-spatial, mathematical, and mechanistic aspects of cognition (Baron-Cohen et al. 2001; Minshew et al. 1997), as best seen in Asperger syndrome mechanistic skills, and the abilities of autistic savants at calculation and memory (Heaton & Wallace 2004; Pring 2005; see also Young et al. 2004).

[...]

Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J. & Clubley, E. (2001) The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 31:5 – 17. [aBC]

[...]

Heaton, P. & Wallace, G. L. (2004) Annotation: The savant syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines 45:899 – 911. [aBC]

[...]

Minshew, N. J., Goldstein, G. & Siegel, D. J. (1997) Neuropsychologic functioning in autism: Profile of a complex information processing disorder. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society 3:303 – 16. [aBC]

[...]

Pring, L. (2005) Savant talent. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 47:500 – 503. [aBC]

[...]

Young, R. L., Ridding, M. C. & Morrell, T. L. (2004) Switching skills on by turning off part of the brain. Neurocase 10:215 – 22. [aBC]

-- Bernard Crespi , Christopher Badcock

from "Psychosis and autism as diametrical disorders of the social brain"

Quoted on Mon Jul 9th, 2012