@reiver

Two Main Types Of Consciousness Research

Consciousness research can roughly be divided into two categories: (1) studies on the contents of consciousness and (2) studies on consciousness as a state (Dehaene and Changeux, 2011). Whereas theories on the particular contents of consciousness, such as visual consciousness, argue for the importance of cortical structures (Lamme, 2006), theories focusing on consciousness as a state stress the importance of subcortical (Baars, 1995; Fuller et al., 2011) or thalamocortical structures (Tononi, 2004; Merker, 2007).

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Baars BJ (1995) Tutorial commentary: surprisingly small subcortical structures are needed for the state of waking consciousness, while cortical projection areas seem to provide perceptual contents of consciousness. Conscious Cogn 4:159–162.

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Dehaene S, Changeux JP (2011) Experimental and theoretical approaches to conscious processing. Neuron 70:200–227.

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Fuller PM, Sherman D, Pedersen NP, Saper CB, Lu J (2011) Reassessment of the structural basis of the ascending arousal system. J Comp Neurol 519:933–956.

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Lamme VA (2006) Toward a true neural stance on consciousness. Trends Cogn Sci 10:494–501.

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Merker B (2007) Consciousness without a cerebral cortex: a challenge for neuroscience and medicine. Behav Brain Sci 30:63–81, discussion 81–134.

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Tononi G (2004) An information integration theory of consciousness. BMC Neurosci 5:42.

-- Jaakko W. Långsjö , Michael T. Alkire , Kimmo Kaskinoro , Hiroki Hayama , Anu Maksimow , Kaike K. Kaisti , Sargo Aalto , Riku Aantaa , Satu K. Jääskeläinen , Antti Revonsuo , Harry Scheinin

from "Returning from Oblivion: Imaging the Neural Core of Consciousness"

Quoted on Sat Apr 7th, 2012