Tame Silver Fox

[T]he Russian scientist Dmitri Belyaev succeeded in developing a domesticated fox in only forth years. In each generation he selected for tameness (and only tameness); this eventually resulted in foxes that were friendly and enjoyed human contact, in strong contrast to wild foxes. This strain of tame foxes also changed in others ways: Their coat color lightened, their skulls became rounder, and some of them were born with floppy ears. It seems that some of the genes influencing behavior (tameness in this case) also affect other traits — so when Belyaev selected for tameness, he automatically got changes in those traits as well. Many of these changes have occurred as side effects of domestication in a number of species — possibly including humans

-- Gregory Cochran , Henry Harpending

from "The 10,000 Year Explosion: How Civilization Accelerated Human Evolution"

Quoted on Sat Aug 29th, 2009